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The topic of this research paper should be on any psychological disorder by using a case study from your contact with people. However, there are many patients who are able to lead productive lives, hold stable jobs, and raise families. At the same time, it is important to note that in at least 50% of the cases in which one member of an MZ twin pair has schizophrenia, the other does not. Research Paper About Schizophrenia still doesn’t mean that they enjoy every aspect of it. There was little in the way of programs for rehabilitation. Visual hallucinations often entail the perception of distortions in the physical environment, especially in the faces and bodies of other people. Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder characterized by disturbances in thought, emotion, and behavior. A serious side effect that emanates from the use of antipsychotic medications is tardive dyskinesia, a long-term movement disorder. The objective of this paper is to discuss on how Simon’s on-going health needs will be met after been diagnosed of schizophrenia. There is good evidence, however, that exposure to high levels of criticism from family members can increase the likelihood of relapse in schizophrenia patients. Gemäß §28 BDSG widerspreche ich jeder kommerziellen Verwendung und Weitergabe meiner Daten. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier Science. Schizophrenic persons may also have feelings, tastes, smell, and sight of things that are actually not there. and get a custom paper on "Research Methods & Schizophrenia" with 20% discount! They have created beautiful original work Research Paper About Schizophrenia at a reasonable price. It commonly affects the mouth and causes uncontrollable movements. The results of these investigations show that when biological offspring of schizophrenic mothers are reared from infancy in adoptive homes they are more likely to develop schizophrenia than are adopted children from healthy mothers. It is relatively rare for preadolescent children to receive a diagnosis of schizophrenia. The months of the year least associated with the disorder with respect to delivery have been shown to be August and September. There is evidence that there may be an abnormality in the number or sensitivity of certain dopamine receptors in the brains of schizophrenia patients. 22 pages), an outline, and a bibliography with 6 sources. People with Type O blood are more likely to develop … The theory that the human body could be possessed by evil spirits is the earliest theory of mental illnesses. These perceptual distortions vary among patients and can be auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, or tactile. Understandably so, since all custom papers produced by our academic writers are Research Paper About Schizophrenia individually crafted from scratch and written according to all your instructions and requirements. We also use cookies to verify your financial information and identity and for fraud prevention purposes. Proper paper writing includes a lot of research and an ability to form strong arguments to defend Research Papers On Schizophrenia your point of view. Still in 1900s, Sigmund Freud developed the argument that schizophrenia resulted from unconscious conflicts that started from one’s childhood. A mental disorder whose characteristics include hallucinations, delusional behavior, disorganized speech, social isolation, intellectual deterioration, and emotional blunting. We offer APA, MLA, or a Chicago style paper in almost 70 disciplines. (1995). This is why existing treatment strategies are limited to psychosocial and psychological treatments and the administering of antipsychotic medications. As a result of this, and the often chronic nature of the illness, many patients never attain financial independence. It appears that it is important to begin pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia as soon as possible after the symptoms are recognized. Thus, those who meet criteria for the diagnosis are significantly impaired in everyday functioning. The findings suggested a generalized cerebral dysfunction in schizophrenia. The longer patients go without treatment of illness episodes, the worse the long-term prognosis. The treatment in 1800s was worse as it involved locking patients in “insane asylums” and even flogging them. Special offer! There is a sharp contrast between the rates of schizophrenia in the lowest socioeconomic class and all other levels, including the next higher level. Minor side effects include sensitivity to light, dryness of mouth, and drowsiness. For others, depressive symptoms may be medication side effects or a manifestation of a biologically based vulnerability to depression. Studies have also established that one may be at increased risks if they are born in the months of winter, especially February and March. The hope for those who suffer from it lies in correct diagnosis, treatment through antipsychotics, and proper long-term management. do animals have rights essay Research Paper About Schizophrenia reflective essay as a writer essay writing on my most memorable day. To date, the results of twin studies have consistently shown that MZ twins are significantly more likely to be concordant for schizophrenia than are DZ twins. Gudwriter is your reliable source of essay help. As noted earlier, prenatal exposure to maternal viral infection has also been linked with schizophrenia. At the latter extreme, some exhibit catatonic immobility and assume unusual postures that are maintained for extended periods of time. We understand that studies are the foundation of success; yet they can be quite a challenge without extra help. Thus the diathesis, combined with exposure to environmental stressors, can produce schizophrenia. (Eds.). Research Paper About Schizophrenia, college research papers for cheap price, theseus ship ess, essay paper #6 in global rating. Research indicated that the “typical” antipsychotics, such as haloperidol, decreased the symptoms of schizophrenia, especially positive symptoms, and reduced the risk of relapse. Schizophrenia is so serious a mental disorder that if not well handled, can completely disrupt the life of a victim. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Pub. Other common signs include bizarre facial expressions, such as repeated grimacing or staring, and repeated peculiar gestures that often involve complex behavioral sequences. Instead, the births of schizophrenia patients occur more frequently in winter months. Various research studies have conducted researches on possibility of getting schizophrenia and reasons behind increased risk of schizophrenia. Flack, Miller and Wiener (2012) explain that complications here may be in the form of prenatal and perinatal hypoxia as well as a difficult delivery. However, social trends and advances in medical knowledge converged to produce greater sympathy for those with mental illness. Recovery from symptoms may be enhanced through teaching skills and support groups in addition to medications. It is a serious disorder that consumes a person's life and is nearly impossible to control. Treatment is then initiated to reduce symptoms and stabilize patients so that they can return to the community as soon as possible. Research Paper About Schizophrenia ‍ . This is typically precipitated by the first psychotic episode. Do not waste time. However, they were not as effective in reducing the negative symptoms. It is especially unfortunate that tardive dyskinesia is sometimes irreversible when patients are withdrawn from neuroleptics. In a study, brain autopsies conducted on dead bodies revealed that dopamine receptors were in excess six-fold. Schizophrenia can be differentiated from these similar conditions apa a careful examination of the duration of the illness, the timing of delusions or hallucinations, and apa severity of depressive or manic researches. Another critical component of effective treatment is the provision of rehabilitative services. Poor urban inner city districts, inhabited by the lowest socioeconomic class, contain the largest proportion of schizophrenia patients. If you would like to write a high quality research paper, ideas from this sample will give you a head start and the much needed inspiration. In the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), it is described as an illness that is characterized by psychotic symptoms and significant interpersonal or occupational dysfunction that persist for a period of at least 6 months. Functional brain-imaging studies, with procedures such as positron emission tomography (PET) and measurement of regional cerebral blood flow, reveal that schizophrenia patients have decreased levels of blood flow to the frontal lobes, especially while performing cognitive tasks. In contrast, negative symptoms involve behavioral deficits. But contemporary, multifaceted treatment approaches have made it possible for most patients to live in community settings. Women also show a higher level of interpersonal and occupational functioning during the period prior to illness onset. Initially spurred by concerns that too many of the mentally ill were becoming “institutionalized” and were losing their ability to function in the community, financial support for state psychiatric hospitals was gradually cut. Look at these subheadings as key points that you need to discuss your topic for proper understanding. It was out of these reasons that he opined that the disorder deserved an own name for it was not a form of dementia hence the name schizophrenia (Noll, 2009). As research findings on the biochemical aspects of schizophrenia accumulate, it increasingly appears that the illness may involve multiple neurotransmitters, with different biochemical profiles for different patients. In severe situations, patients may need to stay in hospital for as long as the episode lasts for their own safety as well as that of others. Lifeguard college … Of course, during active episodes of the illness, schizophrenia patients are usually seriously functionally impaired. This message was harshly criticized by the Church which went on to call Weyer a sorcerer and even forbade the book (Mueser & Jeste, 2008). Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that afflicts about 1% of the population at some point in their lifetime. Clinicians have used various forms of psychological therapy in an effort to treat schizophrenia patients. Feel free to contact our writing service for professional assistance. Breier, A. Schizophrenia loosely means a mind that is split and thus describes the manner in which people with the disorder think fragmentally. Like essay writing, for example. (Ed.). Cookies help us provide, protect and improve our services. Alternatively, people were burned to death, starved, flogged, or exorcised if driving away the spirits was not successful. Victims were burnt to death in the 14 and 15, Physicians began to use different methods of diagnosing and treating mental illnesses by late 1700s. Delusional beliefs conflict with reality and are tenaciously held, despite evidence to the contrary. High-risk studies involve the repeated assessment of children of schizophrenia patients, based on the expectation that a larger percentage of these children will eventually develop the illness than individuals in the general population. The argument that mental illness was a natural state and not a punishment from God or possession by the devil was written in De praestigiis daemonum by Johann Weyer in 1563. Research on twins examines differences in concordance rates between identical (monozygotic or MZ) and fraternal (dizygotic or DZ) twins. A description of the “cognitive disorganization and silliness” symptoms was given by Ewald Hecker in 1871 and is still being used in disorganized schizophrenia diagnosis. Some relatively consistent findings are that the brains of schizophrenia patients have abnormal frontal lobes and enlarged ventricles. Another contributing factor may be stress. The first person to use the term “schizophrenia” was Eugen Bleuler, a psychiatrist from Switzerland, in 1911. Problems in the form of speech are reflected in abnormalities in the organization and coherent expression of ideas to others. Noll, R. (2009). One may also develop schizophrenia when they react to a particular experience or situation since the disorder may be carried. Delusions of control is the belief that one is being manipulated by an external force, often a powerful individual or organization (e.g., the FBI) that has malevolent intent. Schizophrenia patients sometimes mimic the behavior of others, known as echopraxia, or repeat their own movements, known as stereotyped behaviors. There are several sources of evidence for the assumption that schizophrenia involves an abnormality in brain function. Our leading custom writing service provides custom written papers in 80+ disciplines. Research Paper About Schizophrenia you professional essay tutoring. It is possible that future research on the neural mechanisms involved in schizophrenia will lead to the development of novel treatments that eliminate the need for maintenance medication. To-date, research has not established sufficient evidence to support a single cause of schizophrenia. In catatonic schizophrenia, the clinical picture is dominated by abnormalities in movement and posture, such as those described earlier. The diathesis-stress model has dominated theories about the etiology of schizophrenia for several decades. Our skillful essay writers supply writing and editing services for academic papers. This was because it was believed that mentally ill people were being punished by God. Kraepelin defined “dementia praecox,” the original term for schizophrenia, as an endogenous psychosis characterized by intellectual deterioration (dementia) and early onset (praecox). Keefe, R. S., & Harvey, P. (1994). has become the best essay writer service after Research Paper Topics About Schizophrenia many years of experience. It is fortunate that several other new antipsychotic medications have recently become available, and some of these appear to have no serious side effects. Hiset essay writing tips: essay about the happiest day of my life. He also noted that a person could suffer from schizophrenia either in their early or later life. Torrey, E. F. (1994). The DSM lists five subtypes of schizophrenia. This model assumes that certain individuals inherit or acquire a vulnerability to schizophrenia (the diathesis), and that the behavioral expression of this vulnerability is determined or triggered by environmental stressors. Thus, environmental influences account for any behavioral differences between MZ twins. How to write gre analytical essay, essay writing cheat, essays on what is servant leadership biology extended essay topics medicine how do i quote an article in an essay. from $12.99 per page. A person is said to be delusional if they have false beliefs, such as that people can read their minds or that people are trying to harm them. Obstetrical complications (OCs) are defined as physical deviations from the normal course of events during pregnancy, labor, or the neonatal period. As a result, former psychiatric inpatients now constitute a substantial proportion of the homeless found in U.S. cities. Several other neurotransmitters have also been hypothesized to play a role in schizophrenia. Some of the difficulties experienced by individuals with schizophrenia can be observed before the onset of the clinical symptoms. Deficits in social skills, concentration, emotional expression, motivation, and occupational or academic performance often precede the first clinical symptoms. Some may also demonstrate waxy flexibility, a condition in which patients do not resist being placed into strange positions that they then maintain. Schizophrenia and manic-depressive disorder: The biological roots of mental illness as revealed by the landmark study of identical twins. New drugs are being developed at a rapid pace, and more effective medications are likely to result. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, Emil Kraepelin and Eugen Bleuler provided the first conceptualizations of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder whose characteristics include hallucinations, delusional behavior, disorganized speech, social isolation, intellectual deterioration, and emotional blunting. Describes the manner in which patients do not differ dramatically for Men and women research paper about thematic... Conflict with reality and are tenaciously held, despite evidence to the community as soon as possible the... 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