http://www.mojnews.com/fa/Miscellaneous/ViewContents.aspx?Contract=cms_C... http://www.emdad.ir/gozareshat/files/s/1387/fasle3.pdf, http://www.maslehat.ir/Contents.aspx?p=18cfba1c-1010-4b1e-b7ac-eda00fdf3302. ensuring outreach to rural female-headed households, which were found to be among the poorest of households. De facto female-headed households are those where a man’s name is given as the household head, but in fact a woman acts as the head as the man is absent most of the time. Alternative definitions of female headship in the Dominican Republic. Ultimately, it is based on socially sanctioned threats of violence and intimidation, it requires constant vigilance to maintain, and it invites active and passive resistance; This power relates to having decision-making authority, power to solve problems and can be creative and enabling; This power involves people organizing with a common purpose or common understanding to achieve collective goals; This power refers to self confidence, self awareness and assertiveness. (s. c. Iran, Producer, & statistical center of Iran) Retrieved 4 30, 2010, from statistical center of Iran Web site: http://amar.sci.org.ir/Detail.aspx?Ln=F&no=262987&S=TP. (1994). Literacy status of women headed households is as follows: In terms of literacy, 71% of illiterate women headed households compared with the average amount of illiteracy in Iran shows a huge gap. A: Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, encompassing language,... Q: It is a picture that shows the location of things or places. Woman-headed households: The ignored factor in development planning. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS IN THE CITY OF IBADAN. This plan can be implemented on the basis of cooperation of the organizations, foundations, and nongovernmental associations. Women will be empowered to gain increased representation, by organizing themselves and working collectively, which will lead to increased empowerment and ultimately greater control. These are: (a) the expansion of female-headed households, (b) the persistence and consequences of intra-household inequalities and bias against women and girls, and (c) the implementation of neoliberal economic policies around the world. 14.06 Women heads of households out of the entire number, (9.4%) are employed and 86% are not directly active in job market and have another way for earning money. While there are different types of female-headed households, in almost all countries. . (Kristiansen, 2003). This paper regards some concerns which Sedighin Charity Institute mentions about problems of the supervising women in different societies and Iran as well as presentation of some solutions for solving the problems of this group of women and their families. Between 2008 and 2015, more than 83,000 households in rural areas (7 percent of the population) were able to access electricity services thanks to the P2P pro-gram; of these, 6,320 were female-headed. All of these courses are job oriented. Musa Reza Servati, Member of Parliament's social commission, said: The budget ofwomen headed household's protective organizationhas been increased 20 %.He remarked that Behzisti's (Welfare Organization) Budget in 2007 years has been approximately 457 million dollars and it was increased to 473 million dollars in 2008.He also remarked 20 % of budget of the Welfare Organization in current year is allocated women headed households. It is administered to women only. The increasing number of female-headed households has caught the attention of both researchers and politicians .In this section, the policies that made by Iranian government about FHH's welfare has been analyzed and evaluated. (Sushama, 1998, p. 11). Then the main question is what women's empowerment? Finally as a case study "Seddiqin charity institution" is chosen to analyze and we explain its function and influence on FHH empowerment. Also, the study indicates that as the number of income earners in these families increase, the likelihood of poverty in the poorest segments of this population decreases. Among the main causes are male migration, the deaths of males in civil conflicts and wars, unpatented adolescent fertility and family disruption. Journal of Political Economy , 81. According to Khatami’s advisor on women’s affairs, Zahra Shojaie, the number of NGOs rose by 318 percent during his presidency. Households located in urban areas recorded a higher probability of consuming charcoal as an energy source. • Empowering the assistance seeker regarding health with emphasis on suitable and varied nutrition, • reinforcing spiritual morale and feeling of confidence in the assistance seeker, • reinforcing religious morale through thinking and religion, • helping the assistance seekers promote on the educational or technical and vocational basis in accordable with needs of the labor market, • making effort to employ the assistance seekers and promote their job skill, satisfaction and security, • providing necessary services for economic empowerment with emphasis on assistance seeker. Goals of the empowerment master plan are as follows: 1-Mental empowerment of the assistance seekers: • Study on mental health condition of assistance seekers and intervention for problem solving (removal of the tensions and problems which are serious obstacles to empowerment). On the basis of statistics in 1976, 1986, 1996, families managed by women have comprised of 7.1, 7.3 and 8.4% of the total Iranian families respectively. Empowering the family supervising women. There are reasons to consider both. There is signifi-cant variation by region: the proportion of households headed by a female ranges from a low of 7 percent However restrictions on financial resources and increase the number of FHH caused to policymakers pursuit empowerment policies rather than direct contribution. • Promoting social identity and active participation of the assistance seeker in social activities (by providing the opportunities for the assistance seeker to have social participation in addition to work). ‘Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women and Girls: A Policy Review’. Sedighin Charity Institute is seeking the solution for problems of the supervising women in Iran through empowerment.Sedighin Charity Institute suggests some plans and methods for removing deprivation from this class all of which are summarized in empowering process. Female headed households are most susceptible to poverty because they have fewer income earners to provide financial support within the household. Across the whole sample, only 17% but at the same time promotes a rather instrumentalist view of empowerment; Investing in women's capabilities and empowering them to exercise their choices is not only valuable in itself but is also the surest way to contribute to economic growth and overall development.Hence central planning for FHH empowerment in Iran, need to increasing financial and human recourses, and the government could not afford it. Chart 2:Numbers of member households regarding to gender of head of household in Iran-2006 (Population Statistics, 2008). Female-Headed Households . Similarly, in seven out of nine countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America, female-headed households were less likely to use credit than male-headed households . According Shadi Talab study (2004, pp. 63-54)While more than 50 percent female head of households has formed the poorest groups, male head of households are 16 percent. Villages where the P2P program was Development must be by people, not only for them. Only 22.5% of women heads of household are active in the formal sector. In families where the husbands were not totally absent, many of women reported great problems with bad treatment from their ex-husbands, like violence or threats of violence. • helping teat the diseases and train how to prevent from diseases (by covering them under Therapeutic services insurance as well as identifying charitable physicians and introducing them to the assistance seekers in need and giving necessary information regarding prevention from diseases). Schultz, R. 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